The Post‐Frame Fire Wall: New, Tested, And Economical
The National Frame Building Association (NFBA) has successfully achieved a 3‐hour fire rating for a post‐frame wall system that can now be incorporated into a post‐frame building without having to go to more expensive non‐wood framing systems.
Full‐scale testing of a three‐hour post‐frame fire wall by Underwriters Laboratories (UL), Northbrook, IL, showed for the first time that a wood constructed assembly is a viable alternative to a traditional block wall system. UL testing was completed in December 2011.
An hourly rated wall—rated as high as three hours—is often required to separate building areas or occupancy types to meet the IBC requirement for life safety. For architects, builders, and engineers, that traditionally has meant using a rated eight‐inch or 10‐inch concrete block wall on a concrete foundation, but with this recent test exceeding hour‐rating expectations, that may no longer be the case.
“The post‐frame assembly tested nearly made four hours (three hours and 47 minutes), thus obtaining UL’s 3.5‐hour rating,” said Leo F. Shirek, co‐chair of NFBA’s Technical and Research Committee and a member of its Three‐Hour Post‐Frame Fire Wall Subcommittee. “It’s quite a testament to the quality of post‐frame construction.”
Post‐frame wall assembly is an extremely economical alternative, Shirek says. “We began testing work for this project in early 2011, knowing that, from an industry standpoint, we could create a wall that was much more cost‐effective than a typical block wall, which costs $12−$15 per square foot. We felt that a post‐frame fire wall with drywall could potentially halve that cost.”
Shirek notes that a post‐frame fire wall is faster to erect than a stud wall system, a light gauge steel‐stud wall system, and particularly block walls, which generally require an expensive foundation. “A post‐frame wall can be built and incorporated into the natural flow of the building process, possibly saving as much as a couple of weeks in completion time.”
The test wall assembly was a post‐frame structure with four layers of 2 x 6 laminations in the columns, spaced eight feet apart with 2 x 4 girts 16 inches on center applied horizontally on each side. The frame was then sheathed with four staggered layers of 5/8 type X drywall on both sides. All joints were non‐taped.
“We are optimistic that this test will be a building block for other approvals and possibly for other future tests that can benefit the industry,” Shirek says. Testing, which follows the requirements of the UL 263 (ASTM E119) standard of ASTM International [formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials], also included a stringent water pressure test.
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